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RD Glossary
ICD-10
The 1992 revision of the international disease classification system developed by the World Health Organization.
ICD-10-CM
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification - The American modification of the ICD-10 classification system, for field review release in 1998..
ICD-10-PCS
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Procedural Classification System - A classification system for reporting clinical procedures, to accompany ICD-10-CM, developed in the US, for 1998 field review release.
ICD-9-CM
The ICD-9-CM procedure code classification is in the series of International Classification of Disease (ICD) schemes published by the World Health Organization (WHO). The official title of the classification is the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification. This contains procedure codes. ICD-9-CM is sectioned into procedure code classification codes, chapters, sections and sub-sections. The ICD-9-CM procedure code classification is based on the parent classification ICD-9.
ICIDH
International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps - A classification system for impairments, activities, and participation, first release in 1980 by the World Health Organization, 2ndversion expected in 1999.
ICNP
A new classification for nursing, its alpha version testing is expected to be complete by the end of 1998.
ICPC
International Classification of Primary Care - A classification system incorporating codes for patient reason for encounter, symptoms, diseases, and processes of care and designed to allow complete recording of encounters and episodes of care for statistical analysis.
Integrated health record
Integratable, non-redundant health data about a person across a lifetime, including facts, observations, plans, actions, outcomes, preferences, and desires.
International Classification of Disease
A coding scheme produced by the World Health Organization for disease classification and coding. Various versions have been produced. The main version currently in use is ICD-10.
LOINC
The LOINC databases provide sets of universal names and ID codes for identifying laboratory and clinical test results. The purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results, such as blood hemoglobin, serum potassium, or vital signs, for clinical care, outcomes management, and research.
Longitudinal Patient Record
A collection of all health-related information regarding an individual from prenatal to postmortem stages created by multiple encounters with multiple providers.
MD9
Message Design group number 9 (MD9). The WE/EB message design group dedicated to the design of medical EDIFACT messages.
MeDDRA
Medical Dictionary for Drug Regulatory Affairs - A nomenclature/classification designed to support the reporting of medical information throughout the medical product regulatory cycle. Developed by the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH), Version 2.0 for 1998 release.
Medical Informatics
The term 'medical informatics' has been variously defined, but can be best understood as the understanding, skills and tools that enable the sharing and use of information to deliver healthcare and promote health.
Medical Logic Module
Medical Logic Module (MLM). The Arden Syntax is a syntax designed to facilitate the sharing of medical knowledge bases. In its present form the focus is on knowledge that can be represented as a set of independent modules that can provide therapeutic suggestions, alerts, diagnosis scores etc. Each module is called a Medical Logic Module (MLM), which is made up of slots grouped into maintenance, library and knowledge categories. [from Hripsack, et al, 1990]. The syntax has provisions for quering a clinical database and representing time. The syntax is based largely on HELP and the Regenstrief Medical Record System. The Arden Syntax is named after the Arden Homestead in Harriman New York State, where a meeting was held to address the sharing of medical knowledge.
MEDIX
MED IX is an intended standard which is being developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Standards Committee on Medical Data Interchange also known as 'MEDIX'. MEDIX is a comprehensive specification for a health data exchange standard. According to the Institute of Medicine (1991) it is the only standard for which its developers have stated an objective of eventually supporting the transfer of the entire patient record (MEDIX is also the only health care data standard that has declared an intention to support the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) model).
MEDLARS
The National Library of Medicine, Medical Literature and Retrieval System which includes specialized databases in health administration, toxicology, cancer, medical ethics and population studies.
MEDLINE
MEDLINE is an on-line bibiographic database of medical information. MEDLINE now indexes about 350,000 new articles each year from those published in the biomedical literature. MEDLINE covers 25 years and includes citations to more than 6 milion articles from about 3500 journals.
Message Design group number 9
Message Design group number 9 (MD9). The WE/EB message design group dedicated to the design of medical EDIFACT messages.
Minimum basic data set
Minimum basic data set (MBDS) - Set of data that is the minimum required for a health care record to conform to a given standard.
MIPS
Medical Image Procuring Standards. Japanese version of the ACR/NEMA standard
MLM
An MLM is a hybrid between a production rule (i.e. an "if-then" rule) and a procedural formalism. Each MLM is invoked as if it were a single-step "if-then" rule, but then it executes serially as a sequence of instructions, including queries, calculations, logic statements and write statements.
NANDA
North American Nursing Diagnosis Association standard - A nomenclature of nursing diagnoses developed by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (in collaboration with the University of Iowa). Organized around 9 'Human Response Patterns'. Updates have been less frequent than annually to date.
Nursing Informatics
Nursing Informatics is a specialty of Health care informatics which deals with the support of nursing by information systems in delivery, documentation, administration and evaluation of patient care and prevention of diseases.
ONTOLOGY
A description of the concepts and relations in a domain, such as drug prescribing. Sample concepts here would be "patient", "prescriber", and "drug"; relevant relations might include "prescribes to", "requests prescription from", and "causes side effects to". A taxonomy or hierarchy is a simple kind of ontology in which concepts are arranged according to only one relation: "is a kind of". Note that ontology as used here has a different meaning from its use in the philosophy of science, an area of interest to theoretical epidemiologists.

RD Glossary by Run Digital

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Software

DrugFormatica
DrugFormatica provides a simple drug database providing information about FDA approved medications.
ProcFormatica
ProcFormatica provides a simple medical procedures database including information about the latest ICD-10-PCS codes.
PsychFormatica
PsychFormatica provides a simple medical procedures database including information about the latest DSM IV codes.

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